Knowledge organiser - Romans - Year 4

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History
Year 4
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Knowledge organiser - Romans - Year 4
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The Year 4 knowledge organiser on the Romans introduces key vocabulary and concepts essential for understanding the impact of Roman civilisation on Britain. A 'centurion' is defined as a commander responsible for leading a century, which is a unit of 100 Roman soldiers. 'Londinium' refers to the name given by the Romans to the city now known as London. The term 'Romanisation' describes the process by which conquered regions adopted Roman culture and lifestyle. To 'invade' means to enter and occupy a territory with force. An 'aqueduct' is an engineering marvel used by the Romans to transport water over long distances, often resembling a bridge in structure. The 'senate' is likened to a Roman form of parliament, a governing body involved in political decision-making.

The key knowledge section outlines the historical understanding students should acquire regarding the Roman period in Britain. It covers the transformation of Britain from the end of the Iron Age to the conclusion of Roman rule, exploring the reasons behind the Roman invasion and how their presence reshaped the British landscape. The organiser prompts students to consider the resistance encountered by the Romans and to evaluate the most significant changes they introduced to Britain. Furthermore, it addresses the reasons behind the Roman withdrawal from Britain. This knowledge organiser sets the stage for exploring the chronology of events from the end of the Iron Age to the end of the Roman occupation, building upon prior historical knowledge as part of the main learning objectives for Year 4 history.